Class PolynomialSplineFunction

java.lang.Object
org.hipparchus.analysis.polynomials.PolynomialSplineFunction
All Implemented Interfaces:
UnivariateDifferentiableFunction, FieldUnivariateFunction, UnivariateFunction

public class PolynomialSplineFunction extends Object implements UnivariateDifferentiableFunction, FieldUnivariateFunction
Represents a polynomial spline function.

A polynomial spline function consists of a set of interpolating polynomials and an ascending array of domain knot points, determining the intervals over which the spline function is defined by the constituent polynomials. The polynomials are assumed to have been computed to match the values of another function at the knot points. The value consistency constraints are not currently enforced by PolynomialSplineFunction itself, but are assumed to hold among the polynomials and knot points passed to the constructor.

N.B.: The polynomials in the polynomials property must be centered on the knot points to compute the spline function values. See below.

The domain of the polynomial spline function is [smallest knot, largest knot]. Attempts to evaluate the function at values outside of this range generate IllegalArgumentExceptions.

The value of the polynomial spline function for an argument x is computed as follows:

1. The knot array is searched to find the segment to which x belongs. If x is less than the smallest knot point or greater than the largest one, an IllegalArgumentException is thrown.
2. Let j be the index of the largest knot point that is less than or equal to x. The value returned is polynomials[j](x - knot[j])
• Constructor Summary

Constructors
Constructor
Description
PolynomialSplineFunction(double[] knots, PolynomialFunction[] polynomials)
Construct a polynomial spline function with the given segment delimiters and interpolating polynomials.
• Method Summary

Modifier and Type
Method
Description
double[]
getKnots()
Get an array copy of the knot points.
int
getN()
Get the number of spline segments.
PolynomialFunction[]
getPolynomials()
Get a copy of the interpolating polynomials array.
boolean
isValidPoint(double x)
Indicates whether a point is within the interpolation range.
PolynomialSplineFunction
polynomialSplineDerivative()
Get the derivative of the polynomial spline function.
double
value(double v)
Compute the value for the function.
<T extends Derivative<T>>T
value(T t)
Compute the value for the function.

Methods inherited from class java.lang.Object

clone, equals, finalize, getClass, hashCode, notify, notifyAll, toString, wait, wait, wait

Methods inherited from interface org.hipparchus.analysis.FieldUnivariateFunction

toCalculusFieldUnivariateFunction
• Constructor Details

• PolynomialSplineFunction

public PolynomialSplineFunction(double[] knots, PolynomialFunction[] polynomials) throws
Construct a polynomial spline function with the given segment delimiters and interpolating polynomials. The constructor copies both arrays and assigns the copies to the knots and polynomials properties, respectively.
Parameters:
knots - Spline segment interval delimiters.
polynomials - Polynomial functions that make up the spline.
Throws:
NullArgumentException - if either of the input arrays is null.
MathIllegalArgumentException - if knots has length less than 2.
MathIllegalArgumentException - if polynomials.length != knots.length - 1.
MathIllegalArgumentException - if the knots array is not strictly increasing.
• Method Details

• value

public double value(double v)
Compute the value for the function. See PolynomialSplineFunction for details on the algorithm for computing the value of the function.
Specified by:
value in interface UnivariateFunction
Parameters:
v - Point for which the function value should be computed.
Returns:
the value.
Throws:
MathIllegalArgumentException - if v is outside of the domain of the spline function (smaller than the smallest knot point or larger than the largest knot point).
• polynomialSplineDerivative

public PolynomialSplineFunction polynomialSplineDerivative()
Get the derivative of the polynomial spline function.
Returns:
the derivative function.
• value

public <T extends Derivative<T>> T value(T t)
Compute the value for the function.
Specified by:
value in interface UnivariateDifferentiableFunction
Type Parameters:
T - the type of the field elements
Parameters:
t - the point for which the function value should be computed
Returns:
the value
• value

public <T extends CalculusFieldElement<T>> T value(T t)
Compute the value of the function.
Specified by:
value in interface FieldUnivariateFunction
Type Parameters:
T - the type of the field elements
Parameters:
t - Point at which the function value should be computed.
Returns:
the value of the function.
• getN

public int getN()
Get the number of spline segments. It is also the number of polynomials and the number of knot points - 1.
Returns:
the number of spline segments.
• getPolynomials

public  getPolynomials()
Get a copy of the interpolating polynomials array. It returns a fresh copy of the array. Changes made to the copy will not affect the polynomials property.
Returns:
the interpolating polynomials.
• getKnots

public double[] getKnots()
Get an array copy of the knot points. It returns a fresh copy of the array. Changes made to the copy will not affect the knots property.
Returns:
the knot points.
• isValidPoint

public boolean isValidPoint(double x)
Indicates whether a point is within the interpolation range.
Parameters:
x - Point.
Returns:
true if x is a valid point.